A History of Royal Scot

From 1927 to 2019, Royal Scot has over 90 years of stories to tell.

Royal Scot Returns

Royal Scot steams on the mainline for the first time.
Royal Scot steams on the mainline for the first time.
Shot by ‎Patrick Cheshire

First mainline run in over 50 years

Royal Scot ready for the off at Crewe with her first main line train in over 50 years!
Photo by Alex Penfold

Ready for the big day!

Royal Scot simmers at Crewe the night before her first main line train in over 50 years!
Photo by Alex Penfold
Royal Scot returns to the main line.
Shot by Mike Taylor

In fine form!

Royal Scot speeds past Eldroth on her first loaded main line train in over 50 years!
Photo by Andrew Fowler

Steaming for action

Royal Scot being readied for her first main line test runs at LNWR Heritage in Crewe.
Photo by Gary Ball

Return to the main line

Royal Scot made her main line return (diesel hauled) on November 25th.
Photo by Steve Llewellyn

High speed testing on the Severn Valley Railway

Royal Scot was tested at up to 50mph before venturing onto the main line.
Photo by Bob Green
Severn Valley Railway Gala.
Shot by Bob Green
Severn Valley Railway Gala.
Shot by Matthew Toms

Return to public service

Royal Scot hauled her first public train for over six years at the Severn Valley Railway Autumn Steam Gala.
Photo by Geoff Griffiths

Back in action on the Severn Valley Railway.

The LNWR Heritage team work with the SVR crews to put Royal Scot through her paces.

Photo by Graham Nuttall

Royal Scot back in action on her first test run.

Photo by Graham Nuttall

Royal Scot arrives at Bridgnorth on the Severn Valley Railway.

Our first look at Royal Scot's British Railways insignia, affectionately known as 'The Cycling Lion'.

Royal Scot cools after a successful first steaming.

Inside Royal Scot's cab.

Pressure climbing before Royal Scot's first steam test.

Royal Scot wears her name and number plates for the first time.

A first look at the old and new gauges inside Royal Scot's cab.

Royal Scot comes together for the first time after 5 years.

With undercoat applied the last components are being attached to Royal Scot.

Royal Scot in Service


Royal Scot was among the first of her class to be retired in October 1962. Only one other member of the class was preserved: Scot's Guardsman
Photo by Ben Brooksbank


Starting in 1943 the LMS rebuilt the Royal Scot's with new frames, boilers and cylinders. Royal Scot's turn came in 1950, resulting in a much improved engine.
Photo by Ben Brooksbank

British Railways

In 1948 the 'Big Four' railway companies, including the L.M.S. were amalgamated into the new nationalised British Railways. As a result Royal Scot changed from No. 6100 to No. 46100.

Touring America

After the World's Fair No. 6100 toured the USA and Canada, climbing the Rocky Mountains, travelling from Montreal to Missouri and seen by over 3 million people.
The Chicago World's Fair

Chicago World's Fair

In 1933 Royal Scot attended the World's Fair in Chicago, showcasing the latest technical innovations of the age, with the motto 'Science Finds, Industry Applies, Man Conforms'.

Identity Change

In 1933 King's Dragoon Guardsman became Royal Scot, in anticipation of the LMS representing Britain at the World's Fair. When she returned the identities weren't swapped back.

The Royal Scot

In October 1927 the first Royal Scot's were delivered to the LMS, revolutionising services on the West Coast from London to Manchester, Carlisle and Glasgow.

Placing an order

Depsite testing a GWR engine the LMS had to borrow drawings for the Southern Railway's Lord Nelson Class. They ordered 50 Royal Scot class locos from North British.

Borrowing a Castle

In 1926 the LMS borrowed a Castle from the GWR to find out the best features of the class to help design their own engine.
Photo by Matt Veale

The L.M.S.

Formed in 1923 the London Midland and Scottish Railway Company was the largest railway company in Britain and by 1938 was to operate almost 7,000 miles of track.

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